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C a e s a r July 5, 2016

Posted by anagasto in history, painting.
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100 ….. Caesar’s birth
75 .. ….. Caesar is captured by some pirates.
60 .. … ….Caesar becomes Consul and forms the Triumvirate.
58 ... .. …… Caesar defeats the Swiss and the Germans
55 ..…  …. … He invades Britain
49 ... ..  .. ……  He crosses a little river called Rubicon, the frontier of Rome, and crossing it meant war. — He launches a civil war and wins it.
44
   Caesar is assassinated on March 15 = the Ides of March.

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mint signature 2… ….caesar coster 2

Caesar cos ter
On Roman coins, “cos” is the abbreviation for “consul”.
“ter” is short for “tertius” meaning he had become consul for the third time.

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mint signature 3…. …mint signature…… ….caesar dictator

Caesar dict perpetuo
meaning “Caesar dictator forever”.

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Some terminology

Consul = an elected  member of the government .

Triumvirate = a group of three men governing the country. Vir  is Latin and means man.

Ides of March :  the Ides were the middle of the month.
According to legend, Caesar was told that he was going to be assassinated on the Ides of March. He ignored the warning. —
Now the Ides of March means any decisive day.

Rubicon = point of no return.
The Rubicon was Rome’s boundary. Caesars crossed it with his army in 49 BC.
It became for him the point of no return.

To get a more precise explanation look up Social studies for kids

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Caesar’s life

Rome’s Transition from Republic to Dictatorship

1] He belonged to the aristocracy of Rome, but politically he started out by addressing the people.
You can see that also in the famous beginning of Shakespeare’s  “Friends, Romans, countrymen…” reproduced below

2] Together with two of his friends he grabbed political power.
One of those friends died, and  the other one was too weak to restrain Caesar.

3] Caesar  seized military power.
He conquered Germany and invaded Britain.
He could no longer tolerate any rivals in Rome and started a war against his own people.
He won and became a dictator.
The people loved him, but the aristocracy didn’t.

4] He was assassinated in broad daylight at the Theater.

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The extent of the Roman Republic at the death of Caesar by Tataryn77 in public domain at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RomanRepublic40BC.jpg

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Caesar’s life is the story of Rome’s transition from republic to dictatorship. Those who killed him believed that they could restore the law. They thought they were acting in the interest of the country.

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“Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears:
I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him……..”

Below is a print of the complete speech:
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friends romans countrymen

But the situation became chaotic and finally Caesar’s heir took over.

And then Rome wasn’t anymore ruled by law, but by one man called Emperor.

emperor (n.) Look up emperor at Dictionary.com
early 13th century, from Old French empereor, from Latin  imperiator,“commander, emperor,” from  imperare “to command” (see empire).
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Death of Caesar by Jean Leon Gerôme.

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702cleopatra

Here is Cleopatra. She was the powerful queen of Egypt.
She married several times, and there were quite a few children and various fathers, all of them rulers and powerful men.
The most impressive of these was Caesar.

According to legend, Caesar received a carpet as a present from his friends.
When his servants unrolled the carpet in front of him, Cleopatra stepped out  in all her beauty.

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Cleopatra_and_Caesar_by_Jean-Leon-Gerome

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_and_Caesar_(painting)#/media/File:Cleopatra_and_Caesar_by_Jean-Leon-Gerome.jpg

Some of the sources say she was not all that beautiful, but graceful, resourceful, and astute.
The painting is by Jean Leon Gerôme.
She does look as if she didn’t quite understand how it happened that she landed at the office of the world’s most powerful ruler.

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Some accounts say that Caesar was killed at the Curia  where the senators normally met:

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But the Curia was not available on that fateful morning in March and the senators met at the porticus attached to the Theater of Pompey.

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Why did they kill Caesar?

Cicero was a great writer and speaker. He was Caesar’s contemporary. This is what he said about the assassination:

“His achievements in war, though disastrous for our country, were none the less impressive.  Later, by entertainments, public works, food-distributions, and banquets, he seduced the ignorant populace. By a mixture of intimidation and indulgence, he inculcated in a free community the habit of servitude.”
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Comments»

1. Nicolae Bogdan Buzaianu (Latin: M·AEMILIVS·M·F·Q·N·LEPIDVS), « Quintus Fulvius Flaccus - January 2, 2012

[…] C a e s a r basicTimeline (espliego.wordpress.com) […]


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