jump to navigation

Alexander the Great January 29, 2016

Posted by anagasto in art, history.
trackback

.
Alexander the Great by Master of Griselda ...........

Alexander the Great
by the anonymous (?) ” Master of the Griselda legend”

Short Timeline

356 …..Birth of Alexander.
336 … .. Alexander inherits his father’s throne
335 … …. Thebes revolt crushed
334 ..  … .. Alexander leads his armies to Persia = modern Iran
329 ….. … … moving to central Asia
327 … .. …..  .. invading India
324 ..  …  … …..    Alexander’s best friend Hephaestion dies
323 ….. …..  ….. … ..Alexander dies in Babylon in the afternoon of June 11, 323 bC at the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

alexander the great by Rembrandt

Alexander the Great by Rembrandt —
in public domain according to http://www.wikiart.org/en/rembrandt/alexander-the-great
Aristoteles was his teacher and Homer was his course book.

When he was 14, his father gave him that famous black horse Bucephalos that shied from its own shadow.

alexanders famous horse

Quoting Leo Strauss: “The influence on political events of Alexander the Great is infinitely greater than that of his teacher Aristotle — and Alexander’s political activity is diametrically opposed to the principles laid down by Aristotle.”
from  What is Political Philosophy ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

Alexander Getty museum

Crowned in 336

When Alexander was 20, his father was murdered. Alexander became heir to the kingdom and started out to conquer the world.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

Alexander’s Maps:

Eratosthenes map

Unlike modern generals, Alexander had very little geography data to prepare his campaigns. There were few maps and they were drawn according to observations made by travelers and poets.

That is why the extent of Alexander’s empire is known more  accurately to us now than it was then to Alexander himself.

Alexander never had a map as good as this as a summary of his campains. It is from http://www.bible-history.com/maps/alexander_campaigns.html distributed freely

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

alexander coin 1

The coin shows Alexander  on his horse Bucephalos going after the Persians who fought on elephants:

.
Eskandar_fighting_the_enemy

Alexander fighting photo by http://www.sztuka.pl in public domain according to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eskandar_fighting_the_enemy.jpg ..Notice that in the East his name is Eskandar.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

Darius

330 —  Alexander’s most illustrious enemy Darius was assassinated by his own people. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

324 —   Alexander lost his horse and his best friend Hephaestion.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

alexander coin 2

323 — Alexander died  as a commander never defeated.  He was only 33.  His empire fell apart, but his fame and some of his influence lasted: he brought Greek thought and the Greek language with its literature  far to the East.

The coin shows him getting crowned by Fame.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

alexander battle of issus

Alexander the Great is  the most famous man of antiquity according to most historians.

He created an empire that included a large part of the known world. In many places he was considered a god. He is said to have founded 70 cities all along the way from Greece to India. One of these was Persepolis.


The picture is in public domain at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BattleofIssus333BC-mosaic-detail1.jpg

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

Persepolis

persepolis iran

Persepolis in Iran: the name is Greek meaning “the city of the Persians”.

Alexander the Great may have been drunk when he ordered the city to be looted and the palace to be set on fire to celebrate his victory.

The picture is from http://oznet.net/iran/persepol.htm

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

The pillars of the Persepolis palace were not stone, but cedars  brought in by ship from the  Lebanon. According to legend, they burnt instantly when Alexander  and his girlfriend Thais threw in their torches, and she encouraged all their drunken friends to do the same. —

The pictures are from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Persepolis_1.JPG under license by GerardM and http://analepsis.wordpress.com/2008/04/24/persepolis-contcult/

Persepolis now

.

PersepolisMap

.

.

  There is a 9 mega version of this photo at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:20101229_Top_panoramic_view_of_Persepolis_Iran.jpg published by Ggia
under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

Alexandria

He also founded Alexandria in Egypt.

The picture is under license by Delengar at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DSC00996.JPG

LocationEgypt.svg

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

gordian knot22

Everybody knows about the Gordian knot: rather than trying to untie it, Alexander cut through it and was admired for it ever after.

Remember however that basically this procedure  would involve imprudence in most cases and it would not teach people to think before acting.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

Alexander may have been short-tempered. When his best friend Hephaestion died, Alexander ordered the manes of his horses and mules  cut and the doctor  executed.

And the old sources report that he was a drunk: “He was  more greedy for wine than able to carry it.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

alex ancient counterfeit

….

His coins were used all over the ancient world for more than 200 years. The coins + explanations  are from  http://www.forumancientcoins.com/catalog/

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

A legend says that when Alexander reached the end of the world, he met the Talking Tree who warned him of his imminent death. In Arabic his name is Iskandar:

Iskandar_(Alexander_the_Great)_at_the_Talking_Tree…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

After Alexander’s Death

Alexander the Great died at the early age of 32. It was the year 323 bC  and he had not thought of any plans for his succession.

Fighting broke out among his generals, the Diadochi, with four of them eventually dividing up much of his empire in the Mediterranean area.

Alexander_Sarcophagus

Alexander’s sarcophagus is in Istanbul.

Such is his fame in the East that people consider this sculpture their Mona Lisa as a work of art that everybody knows. It is Alexander fighting the Battle of Issus.
The picture is from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alexander_Sarcophagus.jpg licensed by Patrickneil

[See they still rode without stirrups, bareback!]

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

.


.

For detailed data see faq.macedonia.org/history.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

.

Persepolis equinox symbol

Their religion and philosophy was based on Zoroaster. Zoroaster taught that life is a fight between truth and lies, light and dark.

The Zoroastrian symbol of Equinox is a fight between a wild bull and a lion.

The bull represents the Earth, and the lion is the sun, and  on Equinox they are equal in strength. It is called Nowruz and is celebrated in Greater Iran, Caucasus, Central Asia and by Iranians worldwide.


The picture is under license by Ipaad at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nowruz_Zoroastrian.jpg

……………………………………………………….

Added August 2015

A video on the lasting legacy of Alexander the Great in Afghanistan
http://ancient-medieval-macedonian-history.blogspot.com.es/2011/08/lasting-legacy-of-alexander-great-in.html

……………………………………..

Concerning the modern territorial dispute
In an Open Letter to President Obama, 370 Professors ….
respectfully request to intervene to clean up some of the historical debris about Macedonian History left in southeast Europe by the Bush administration.
More in macedonia-evidence.org

 

Comments»

1. Ion Danu - October 14, 2007

I like the “timeline” touch…

2. cantueso - October 14, 2007

and if I could add a storyboard…

3. wuchuuu - October 21, 2007

is this a timeline? it’s not complete

4. cantueso - October 22, 2007

To wuchuu:

What would you like me to add? I got my data from the 1956 edition of the Ploetz and Wikipedia.
There is however a very good and more complete timeline at http://tinyurl.com/3c8dcp

5. Ion Danu - November 11, 2007

Very elegant (Arab looking) Bucefalus… congratulations, G!

6. Jarron summers - November 19, 2007

can you please seand me a pitcher of alexander mounting his horse for the first time ASAP please

from Jarron

7. Jarron summers - November 19, 2007

by the way my email is JarronsHot@gmail.com

8. cantueso - November 19, 2007

I would gladly send you such a picture, but where could I find one? I will have to ask around.

9. cantueso - November 19, 2007

For Jarron

There is Alexander on his horse, but in a battle, so that would not be the first time he rode it. I have just been told that this sarcophagus is so very famous that all over the East it is known as their “Mona Lisa”.

10. michaelhargreaves - December 13, 2009

I can see why you were more into early Nietzsche! Genealogy of Morals, The Birth of Tragedy, etc. Talented Historian!

11. Zoroastrian Pride – At what cost? « Quick Take – As It Happens - May 24, 2011

[…] Alexander basic Timeline (espliego.wordpress.com) […]

12. Perseverance « creatingreciprocity - July 25, 2011

[…] Alexander basic Timeline (espliego.wordpress.com) […]


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s