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Karl Marx Said June 18, 2015

Posted by anagasto in history, philosophy.
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The pictures are meant to show  the beginning of industrial mass organization that Karl Marx analyzed in his work.

A 19th century whaleship with its immensely complicated rigging. There are about 30 sails, each with a name and a function.  At http://www.powermobydick.com/Moby143.html you can see the terminology:

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1. Workers of all countries, unite!

The famous slogan that reached the whole world is based on the Communist Manifesto shown below.

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The picture above is from Wikipedia. The lady is learning how to navigate while she is at sea with her husband.

2. Social progress can be measured  by the social position of women.

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Greece, the Acropolis under a GNU license at http://en.wikivisual.com/index.php/Acropolis

3. Greek philosophy seems to have met with something that a good tragedy is not supposed to meet with, namely, a dull ending.

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4. The development of civilization and industry in general has always shown itself so active in the destruction of forests that everything that has been done for their conservation and production is completely insignificant in comparison.

It is a 19th century shoe factory, enormous, but very different from modern factories.

There are lots of workers and few machines. Everything is still mainly hand-made. The novelty is  in the organization and specialization of the people.

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5. The first requisite for the happiness of the people is the abolition of religion.

(I do not know whether he specified how it would be abolished. Maybe a little censorship would be helpful?)

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The picture shows Germans emigrating and boarding a ship to go to the United States.

6. The ruling ideas of each age have always been the ideas of its ruling class.

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7. From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.

Who would be given the power to judge and assess all these abilities and needs ?? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. Sell a man a fish, he eats for a day.  — Teach a man how to fish, you ruin a wonderful business opportunity.

This has been attributed to Mao Tsetung and to the Marx brothers.

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The paintings are  by Segantini.

9. Art is always and everywhere the secret confession, and at the same time the immortal movement of its time.

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10. I am not a Marxist.

Karl Marx 2

Marx was the founder of  communism. His most famous work is the Communist Manifesto published in 1848 and Das Kapital in 1867.

Both are hard to read, but have been more influential than any other modern books.

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Karl Marx was born in Germany in 1818;  he died in London aged 65. There were only eleven mourners at Karl Marx’s funeral. –

For a detailed timeline by  E. Brennan’s  see http://eddiebrennan.com/Marx_Timeline.html

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Below is the beginning of the famous  declaration that set the movement internationally going.

The Communist ManifestoThe complete Manifesto is  at  http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/ch01.htm

For a long time Marx’s philosophy was thought to be scientific, and “science” as a concept had just become a voodoo. It created powerful feelings of adherence and  equally strong movements of rejection reaching the tiniest little village in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

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 Proletarier aller Länder vereinigt Euch! = Proletarians of all countries, unite!  was the slogan of the USSR = Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! and  appeared on the 1919 Russian Republic banknotes in German, French, Chinese, English, and Arabic,  nicknamed Babel notes.  —  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workers_of_the_world,_unite!

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Babylonian banknote

http://www.banknote.ws/COLLECTION/countries/EUR/RUS/RUS0104.htm

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