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Plato Taught November 2, 2014

Posted by anagasto in philosophy.
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Location_Greece_EU_Europe

Plato  learnt from Socrates.

Plato says that  things  on Earth are only  blurred  mirror images of the original idea, the Real Thing.

Later, Plato’s writings were translated into Arabic and Hebrew and finally also into Latin so that in the Middle Ages, the great thinkers of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity  studied the same books.

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zeus-and-europa

To Plato the key lies in the idea of beauty.

Philosophy begins to discover beauty, because the soul in its surprise and delight begins to remember that there was a former existence where everything was perfect, says Plato.

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knossos playing with a bull

In Plato’s system there are four basic virtues: courage, temperance, wisdom, and, in the harmony of these: integrity.

In other words, harmony is a question of proportions.  For example,  if  there is a lot of courage, but little wisdom or no temperance, there won’t be integrity, but cheating or violence. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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Famous Plato One-liners

Knowledge received under compulsion does not have any hold on the mind.

A good decision is based on knowledge and not on numbers.

Nobody ever teaches well if his priority is in teaching.

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Plato presented his philosophy in dialog form. There are often two or more people talking, and one of them is Socrates who questions the others.

For this reason, Socrates is largely known through the writings of Plato.

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antigone

The pictures are

— Zeus, the supreme god of the Greeks. He changed himself into a bull to carry off Miss Europe.

— Bull festival

— Antigone. She risked her life by saying a prayer for her dead brother against the edict of a king.

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Context Timeline

507 bc Athens becomes democratic
490 bc the Persians attack Greece and suffer defeat at Marathon
481 bc the Persians attack again and suffer naval defeat at Salamis
470 bc birth of Socrates
437 bc birth of Plato
399 bc execution of Socrates
384 bc birth of Aristotle
356 bc birth of Alexander the Great
323 bc death of Alexander

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Best short + clear presentation, about 3 pages, seehttp://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/athenians.html

Greece, the Acropolis under a GNU license at http://en.wikivisual.com/index.php/Acropolis

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