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Where the Miners were August 5, 2014

Posted by anagasto in history.
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The grey area is solid ground. The yellow areas are refills.

The miners were at a shelter  about 2000 feet down. They had been surviving on water, some crackers and a cup of milk a day. They were detected by sonar on August 20, and when perforations were made to supply them with liquid food, the drill brought up a message:

WE ARE WELL AT THE SHELTER ALL 33 OF US

All of Chile exploded with joy.

The drawing is at Spain’s E l   P a í s

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The drawingS are from Spain’s E l P a í s
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The accident was on August 5.  At first, the miners tried to escape through a ventilation shaft, but there weren’t any ladders.

Luís Urzúa was the shift supervisor and he began to think of longterm survival. There was food for only two days. The miners started to dig for water. There was also some water in the radiators of the vehicles in the mineshaft.

Harvard educated President Sebastián Piñera took charge of the rescue operation.

The engineers started working on a shaft big enough to pull up the miners one by one. There were three plans, several drills in operation. But after drilling for two weeks, no sign of life had been discovered yet.
And then, on August 22, when hope to find the miners alive had dwindled, the drill came back up with a message attached to its bit:

ESTAMOS BIEN EN EL REFUGIO LOS 33
We are well in the shelter, the 33 of us.

It was the bravest message ever written, for how well were they? They had nothing to eat anymore.

It took them nearly a month until they were able to receive good food.

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From above they first received glucose solutions and rehydration tablets. Afterwards, the supplies included oxygen and vaccines, cameras, and, according to the New York Times,”letters, movies, dominoes, tiny Bibles, toothbrushes, skin creams”, and even some little mattresses, underwear, and nicotine patches for the smokers — but good food they could not have until mid September. The doctors said they had learned that the hard way after WWII, trying to give candy bars to concentration camp survivors.

Finally on October 13, one by one they were pulled up in a capsule which according to Wikipedia was “a modified versions of the Dahlbusch Bomb, a capsule designed in 1955 in Germany and used in the 1963 Wunder von Lengede (‘Miracle of Lengede’) mine rescue.”

It was built by NASA.

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Also according to Wikipedia, the drill that first reached the miners was a Schramm T130XD. It was operated by a crew from Center Rock, of Berlin, Pennsylvania, under personal supervision of company president Brandon Fisher.

This photo is from a screen shot taken during the rescue operation. It is one of the miners and I don’t know his name, but believe he is the one that wrote the famous message.

The message is now in a museum. It will make people stop and look and keep looking though there is nothing to be seen. It only calls up memories of that tidal wave of of joy that hit Chile and the world, when the engineers pulled up their drill and found that piece of paper attached to its bit.

The first photo above is the president of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, as a kid with his siblings and parents. Below you see him receiving the first miner to emerge from the shaft.


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Rescued

Postscript

For every miner who was rescued before the cameras this week, more than 400 others will die this year, experts say.
http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/10/14/for-every-rescued-miner-hundreds-far-less-lucky/

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