jump to navigation

Darius the Great June 16, 2013

Posted by cantueso in history.
trackback

.


This was about 2500 years ago.

Darius led very large armies when he advanced into Europe, but then the Greeks stopped him.

The Greek armies were much smaller, and nobody thought they could win, but they fought for their own country, and that makes all the difference.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
.

The Persians had to fight far from home as hired soldiers from a dozen different nations living on loot.

And so they lost.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

.

Marathon

Plain of Marathon

Legend says that the Greek messenger ran across the peninsula from Marathon to Athens to tell his people that they had won the battle against the Persians.

-

Marathon to Athens

He ran across the peninsula and never stopped, and when he reached the Senate he shouted :

“Νενικήκαμεν” : “Nenikékamen : We have won!”

And he broke down and died.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

.

A map of the empire built by Darius.

The map  is under a GNU license at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MacedonEmpire.jpg issued by “Captain Blood”

This map is easier to read than the one above. I saw it at http://web.clark.edu/afisher/, but I have not yet seen its copyright status.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

-

Persepolis

palace of darius at Persepolis

Darius was a great ruler and organizer with 120 princes to help him rule.

His empire reached from Europe to India and Ethiopia. He founded the legendary city of Persepolis, meaning the city of the Persians.

-

persepolis iran

The pillars of the Persepolis palace were  cedars brought in by ship from the Lebanon.

According to legend Persepolis was destroyed by Alexander the Great.

-

Persepolis now … …

.

PersepolisMap

.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

.

tn_Darius at Persepolis

Darius conquered many countries without however destroying them. Instead, he let them have their ways, built roads, installed postal services and good coinage to link diverse economies and cultures to each other.

Even more than Cyrus before him, Darius became famous as the lawgiver of his time. — Aramaic was the official language.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

.

.

The tomb of Darius is in the cliffs near Persepolis. Here it is being repaired.

The photo is by Pastaitaken under a GNU license at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_tomb_of_Darius_I.jpg

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

.

Gary Olsen_kid with cell phone22

……. Cyrus II lived from 600 to 529 bC
……… Darius lived from 550 to 486 bC
………….  The battle at Marathon was in 490 bC

……………  Alexander the Great lived from 356 to 323 bC.

The sources for the history of Darius are his own  inscription at Behistun. They are written in three languages. They are called the Babylonian contract tablets and they were carved into the rock:

.

the photo by Aryobarzan is under license at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Darius_I_the_Great%27s_inscription.jpg

Below, in public domain from Wikipedia, there is a sketch of the same tablets where you can clearly see the writing. The English version of these tablets is at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Full_translation_of_the_Behistun_Inscription

.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

.

The war drawings are by Raphael Wuensch from a series he made on The German War of 30 Years.

.
.

About these ads

Comments»

1. Alexander basic Timeline « F I S H I N G - August 1, 2010

[...] –  Alexander’s most dangerous enemy Darius was assassinated by his own people. [...]


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s