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Socrates Killed Himself July 22, 2014

Posted by cantueso in art, history, painting, philosophy.
12 comments

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Socrates had received a death sentence and was in prison.

His friends wanted to bribe the authorities to help him escape, but he refused.

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Before he died Socrates said that this world is a poorly reflected image of the ultimate reality that may become accessible to the soul once it is freed.

Socrates then gave his famous description of what the Earth looks like as seen from space:

socrates-earth.jpg

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Next he drank hemlock and drank it freely, willingly. Everybody agrees that he did it very very bravely and a little earlier than expected, and all along seemed to be in a happy, light mood.

He could have escaped, but didn´t.

This is hemlock.

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Later Plato wrote down how the poison worked and Socrates died :

death of socrates

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David Socrates death

The painting by Jacques-Louis David about the death of Socrates is from the time of Napoleon. It is now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and at Wikipedia:  http://tinyurl.com/czt4ed  .

It is a period piece, a painting that displays the mentality of a time while silencing  a theme.

The scans are from “Great Dialogues”.  Plato had been a student of Socrates’ and later wrote the book.

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Context Timeline

507 bc Athens becomes democratic
490 bc the Persians attack Greece and suffer defeat at Marathon
481 bc the Persians attack again and suffer naval defeat at Salamis
470 bc birth of Socrates
437 bc birth of Plato
399 bc execution of Socrates
384 bc birth of Aristotle
356 bc birth of Alexander the Great
323 bc death of Alexander

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Best short + clear presentation, about 3 pages, see  → http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/athenians.html

Greece, the Acropolis under a GNU license at http://en.wikivisual.com/index.php/Acropolis

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