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Nietzsche-Marx-Schopenhauer-Kant September 2, 2014

Posted by cantueso in philosophy.
5 comments

kant.jpg 18th century

Kant is considered the basis of Protestant self-reliance.

He established that philosophy cannot resolve the ultimate mysteries, but offers a way to deal with bogus knowledge. His Critique is a truly great thing, but impossible to read except in bits and pieces.

– Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of the imagination. This doesn’t mean it is not a reasonable ideal, but that it can’t be rationally defined or stated. Some would say it is an ideal “of the heart”.

— Metaphysics is a dark ocean without shores or a lighthouse. And yet he himself lived, learned and taught on that ocean all his life.

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schopenhauer.jpg 19th century, first half:

Schopenhauer is considered the origin of Romantic nihilism.

He said that our intellect is not sovereign, but is the puppet of deeper whims and wishes. His “Aphorisms” are more fun than philosophy, but easy reading. He truly hated women all his life.

— Men are by nature merely indifferent to one another; but women are by nature enemies.

– Compassion is the basis of morality.

– Hatred is an affair of the heart; contempt an  affair of the head.

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Karl Marx 19th century

Karl Marx is at present still the most famous of all. He taught that your thoughts reflect the class that you belong to.

– The ruling ideas of each age have always been the ideas of its ruling class.

– The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people.

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nietzsche.jpg 19th century, second half. ( February 2010 update: according to a comment received from Gabrio Bevilacqua, this photo is not of Nietzsche, but of King Umberto I di Savoia. I think he is right.)

Nietzsche taught that religion is hypocrisy : God is dead and therefore the superior human has to  save culture from the spread of nihilism. That “superior human” is NOT defined by race, but by willpower.

And if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes also into you.
This quote has become highly popular on the internet.

Art raises its head where creeds relax. – Short but not true. All too often such “creeds” created great art.

Many a man fails as an original thinker simply because his memory is too good.

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The Nietzsche Family  Circus

It is a program that  lampoons famous Nietzsche quotes by pairing them at random with parenting cartoons. Americans routinely make fun of all bombast except their own :

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Basic difference between an ideology and religion:

Marx, Freud, and Nietzsche operate with very few basic concepts that are logically related to each other and therefore easy to retain and use, because

Ideas are like rabbits. You get a couple and learn how to handle them, and pretty soon you have a dozen. – John Steinbeck

The concepts used in the great religions  embody the efforts of hundreds or thousands of people. Rather than conceptual logics, there are multifaceted histories all over and as far back as you can see.

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